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Chinese Silk History from Qin and Han Dynasties
- Apr 26, 2018 -

From the Qin and Han Dynasties to the late Qing Dynasty, silk has been known as a specialty of China. The bulk of the textile raw materials changed several times: From the Han to the Tang, Gee gradually replaced it with the hemp; Song Zhiming and Ma replaced it with cotton. During this period, hand-made textile machinery has gradually developed and improved, and has emerged in many forms: such as brake cars, spinning cars developed from hand-single-spindle type to many kinds of complex spindles (each of 3 to 5 spindles) pedal-type; loom formed There are two major categories of machine and flower machine. The flower machine has also developed two types of multi-trailers (pedal) and beam harness (individual warp threads). After the Song Dynasty, spinning wheels appeared to be suitable for the production of multiple spindles in collective workshops. In some areas, there is also the use of natural power "water spinning wheel." Spinning, weaving, dyeing, and finishing processes are maturing. The fabrics are numerous in color, and the major fabrics (plain, twill, and satin) now known have all appeared in the Song Dynasty. Silk fabrics not only maintain the status of high-end products, but also continue to appear for the main arts and crafts fabric. In the Yuan and Ming dynasties, the development of cotton textile technology was rapid, and people’s daily clothing gradually changed from burlap to cotton cloth. This is the development stage of manual machine spinning.

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