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The Ancient Silk Road
- May 14, 2018 -

The ancient Silk Road, referring to the Western Han Dynasty (the first 202 years of -8), was opened by the western regions of Changan (present Xi'an) and Luoyang as the starting point (the first of which is Luoyang as the starting point), through Gansu, Xinjiang, to Central Asia and West Asia, and to join the land passages of the Mediterranean countries (the road is also called the "Northwest Silk Road" as a region. There are two other routes that will be named "Silk Road" in the future. This is because the Silk Road product has the greatest influence on the goods transported to the West. Its basic trend is set in the Han Dynasty, including three routes: Nan Dao, Zhong Dao and Bei Dao.


The Silk Road in a broad sense refers to the general name of long distance business trade and cultural exchanges throughout the Eurasian continent, including North Africa and East Africa, which have been formed from the ancient times. In addition to the above route, the Silk Road, which played a great role in the late Ming Dynasty, appeared at the same time as the Silk Road in the northwest and the South Silk Road, which replaced the northwest Silk Road at the end of the Yuan Dynasty, and so on.


The Silk Road (German: dieSeidenstrasse) was first derived from the "China" published by the German geologist Ferdinand von Richthofen (FerdinandvonRichthofen) in 1877, and sometimes referred to as the silk road.


Although the silk road is the product of the common promotion of economic and trade development along the line, many people believe that the two pass of China's Zhang Qian to the western region has opened up a new era of exchanges between China and foreign countries. And successfully opened the last curtain between the East and the West. Since then, this route has been stepped out as a "National Road", and messengers and businessmen from all over the world have been coming and going along the road opened by Zhang Qian. From the nobility to the beggar prison, they left their footprints on this road. This East-West passage connects Central Plains and western regions closely with Arabia and Persian Gulf. After several centuries of continuous efforts, the silk road stretches westward to the Mediterranean. In the broad sense, the eastern part of the silk road has reached Korea, Japan, the western part of France, and Holland. Through the sea, it can reach Italy and Egypt, and become the road of economic and cultural exchange between Asia and Europe and Africa.

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