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The Evolution Of China's Spinning Wheel
- Jun 04, 2018 -

The most primitive textile tool in China should be a spinning tile, which is a flat round spinning wheel made of stone pieces or pottery pieces. There is a short bar in the middle, which uses the inertia of the object's rotation to engage in winding the twisting yarn. From the textiles unearthed, it can be inferred that there was a spinning wheel in the Spring and Autumn Period. During the Qin and Han dynasties, hand-spinning spinning wheels have been widely used.

The improvement of the spinning wheel in the Song Dynasty led to breakthrough development. The appearance of the hemp spinning wheel and the water spinning wheel has actually taken shape. The most important achievement in textile technology is the weaving method and jacquard process for fabrics such as leno forge. The cotton industry has also gradually developed.

At the same time, as cotton fabrics have leapt into the mainstream of fabrics in the Southern Song Dynasty, in order to meet the large demand, only the development of more rapid spinning machines can solve the problem. According to the records written by Yuan Tao Zongyi's “Zeng Zong Lu”, although Songjiang was planted with cotton in the end of Song Dynasty, it could only be spun with strings and bamboo arcs because there was no treadmill or vertebral arch, and the efficiency was extremely low.

During the Yuan dynasty years, after returning to his hometown, Huang Daopo, who lived in the state of Yazhou, felt that he was engaged in the hard work of women in textiles. He sang what he had learned and improved the old textile machinery into a set of rods, shells, spinning, and knitting. Production tools. In addition, she also created three spinning spinning machines that can spin three yarns simultaneously. The Three Spinning Wheel was a very remarkable invention at that time. Even before the emergence of the mechanical spinning wheel, it was very difficult to find a person who could spin two yarns at the same time. The spinning wheel not only increased work efficiency, but also increased the output, and it was far away. Five hundred years before the European "Jenny Machine".

The multi-spinning spinning machines that emerged in the Qing Dynasty pushed the development of hand-made textile machines to the peak. For the manual spinning industry, multi-spinning spinning machines have become the most complete and fastest spinning wheel in terms of efficiency.